Progress achieved due to intervention is a critical factor the Insurer considers when determining whether further treatment is reasonable to fund. The use of outcome measures assists in objectively assessing whether a person is making measurable and durable progress. Outcome measure/s chosen should be valid, reliable, sensitive and relevant to your client’s goals.
The following are examples of outcome measures that you may consider using:
The Neck Disability Index (NDI)
The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is designed to give information as to how neck pain has affected a person’s ability to manage everyday life. The result can be expressed as a percentage or as a raw score (out of 50).
NDI developed by: Vernon, H & Mior, S. (1991). The Neck Disability Index: A study of reliability and validity. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 1991; 14: 409-415.
The Patient Specific Functional Scale
The Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) asks the patient to specify three important activities they are unable to do or have difficulty with as a result of their condition. They are required to rate their ability to perform each activity on a scale of 0-10.
Startford P., Gill, C., Westaway, M.,& Binkley, J. (1995). Assessing disability and change on individual patients: a report of a specific measure. Physiotherapy Canada, 47, 258-263.
Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ)
The Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ) has been designed to assess pain-related disability in persons with low back pain.
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